Phnom Penh: The draft law on the management of the nation is in a state of emergency The National Assembly's plenary session was approved on the morning of April 10, 2020, by 115 of the entire assembly.

After the National Assembly approves, the draft law on emergency management of the National Assembly will be submitted to the Senate for review and debate. After the Senate's approval, it will be forwarded to the Constitutional Council. Through the Constitutional Council, the King will issue a royal decree.



Cambodia's National Assembly President Samdech Akka Moha Ponhea Chakrei Heng Samrin presides over the 4 th session of the National Assembly on the morning of April 10, 2020. This morning's National Assembly session unanimously passed the draft law on emergency management of the nation. "The National Assembly has unanimously approved the draft law," Samdech Heng Samrin said on his official Facebook page this morning. On the management of the nation in a state of emergency.

The President of the National Assembly said that the draft law on the management of the nation in an emergency consisted of five chapters and 12 articles. The draft law is made in accordance with Article 22 of the Constitution which states that when a nation is in danger, the King shall make a public announcement. Put the nation in a state of emergency after the approval of the Prime Minister, the President of the National Assembly and the President of the Senate. The decision to put the nation in a state of emergency is to be done when the nation is at risk of being caused by war, or Invasions from foreign forces, emergencies in public health caused by disease outbreaks, severe unrest for national security and public order The worst disaster that could threaten or endanger epidemic levels throughout the country. In addition to discussing and approving the draft law, the session of the National Assembly announced the recognition of a new MP in Takeo province instead of the old one who had resigned And also elected some members of the National Assembly's special committee.

The draft law on the management of the state of emergency is in 5 chapters and is issued in 12 articles. The draft is based on the spirit of Article 22 of the new Constitution of Cambodia which states: “When a nation is in danger; The King shall issue a proclamation to the nation in a state of emergency after the approval of the Prime Minister, the President of the National Assembly and the President of the Senate.

The draft law also provides a legal basis to ensure the implementation of Article 22 of the Constitution and legal basis for the royal authority. The government has put in place indispensable measures in response to the country's situation in an emergency aimed at safeguarding security and order. Public a Protect the lives and health of citizens and to protect property and the environment.

The draft law on the management of a state of emergency will also set out the procedure, procedure, and terms of the declaration. As well as the necessary measures the Royal Government has the right to impose during the state of emergency.

Putting a nation in a state of emergency can be when a nation is at risk, especially if it is a war or an invasion by foreign forces. Public health emergencies are caused by disease outbreaks, severe unrest for national security and public order, and serious disasters. Threatening or dangerous epidemic levels throughout the country.

Article 4 of Chapter 3 stipulates that when a nation is declared in a state of emergency, the Royal Government shall have the authority to impose rules. The following are: 1 restricted or restricted freedom of movement; 2 Prohibits or limits the right to freedom of assembly or assembly. Prohibits or limits the activities, occupations, or occupations. 4 Prohibit or restrict the person from leaving any residence or place of residence. 5. Introduce appropriate measures or quarantine in case of public health emergencies caused by outbreaks. 6. Introduce measures related to decommissioning and evacuation of people in response to emergencies. 7 Propose measures related to depletion, deregulation, management and disposition of assets and services necessary to respond to emergencies. The procedure for reimbursement and compensation shall be determined by the Royal Government. 8 Introduce measures related to the closure of any public or private facility necessary to respond to emergencies. 9 Introduce measures related to the closure of any public or private facility necessary to respond to emergencies. 10 Develops monitoring and monitoring measures to access information through all forms of telecommunications in order to respond to emergencies. 11 Prohibiting or limiting the distribution or dissemination of information that could cause fear of the public or upheaval or which would cause damage to national security or cause Confusion about the state of emergency. 12 Develop other measures that are appropriate and necessary for responding to emergencies.

The article also states that measures taken during a state of emergency can be rolled out for a specific country or territory. Where necessary, the Royal Government may establish mechanisms or delegate authority to any competent authority or use the armed forces to ensure the implementation of the above measures. .

During times of war or in other situations where national security is at serious risk, the management of a state of emergency can be followed by an offensive regime. .

Article 7 of Chapter 4 of the Penal Code states that any intentional act of obstructing or hindering the operation of an emergency response shall be made. Sentenced to imprisonment from 1 year to 5 years and fined from 1 million to 5 million riels. For obstructing operations when the nation is in a state of emergency, a sentence of five to 10 years in prison can be imposed if the act is to cause chaos. Public or affect national security.

Article 8 of the same chapter states that the act of intentionally disregarding any measures imposed by the Royal Government under Article 5 shall be punished. 1 month to 1 year imprisonment and a fine of 100,000 Riels to 1 million Riels. In particular, non-compliance with measures during the state of emergency is punishable by one to five years in prison and a fine of one million. Riel to 5 million Riels if the action causes public unrest.

In particular, any legal entity intending to prevent or impede the operation of emergency response shall be criminally liable under Article 42 (Receiving Criminal liability, legal person) of the Penal Code, with fines ranging from 100 million to 1 million Riels and one or more additional fines. As stated in Article 16 (Penalty applicable to legal persons) of the Criminal Code.

And any legal entity that intentionally disregards the measures laid down by the Royal Government under Article 5 shall be liable to criminal liability as Article 42 (criminal liability of a legal person) of the Penal Code is punishable by a fine of 50 million Riel to 50000. Million riels and one or more additional penalties As provided for in Article 168 (Penalty applicable to legal persons) of the Criminal Code. By: intellectual force majeure