Phnom Penh: Fisheries officials predict that prahok fishing season may begin in the third or fourth week of December 2020, if the flow of water from the Tonle Sap Lake and its tributary system is faster than today, and if the weather does not get very cold Or does it rain on the moon?
This prediction was made after inspecting a number of fish found along the Tonle Sap River in Ponhea Leu district, Kandal province. Significant catch of between 50 kg and 100 kg or more per net Fish.
Heng Sophearith, director of the Kandal Provincial Fisheries Administration, told the Post on December 2 that 11-12 was the same day. On November 26-27, the harvest of fish in some fish stocks in Ponhea Leu district was remarkable if Although the water level is still high and the flow down to the Mekong River is a bit slow.
"During that time, we see every few hours, some fish catch fish between "50-100 kilograms per net, while some fish catch more."
According to Mr. Sophearith, the collection of fish in the fishing line, which started at the end of the month (end of the new moon) last year, has achieved only good results. 2 days only. When Ranoch (Kheng Ngeut) arrives, the catch of the fish is reduced.
Through this survey, Mr. Sophearith predicts that the prahok fishing season may arrive at the end of December or may last until Mid-January 2021.
At the same time, Mr. Ly La, Director of Kampong Chhnang Provincial Fisheries Administration, also similarly said that the Tonle Sap water regime. The high altitude allows the fish to continue to live in the flooded forest area, which is rich in all kinds of biodiversity. Food sources for its maturation. Cold weather is also a factor that does not encourage fish to migrate to the Mekong River or other rivers. Also downstream of the Tonle Sap.
"In the past, family fishermen could catch between 10 and 15 kilograms of fish a day," he said. With their 15 cm to 17 cm snare and mesh, ”he said.
According to Ly La, the fish caught by family fishermen in Kampong Chhnang province during that time were mostly fish for anchovies such as fish. Catfish, catfish, catfish, catfish and catfish. The type of fish for prahok is not yet correct.
Ouch Vutha, director of the Department of Fisheries, told the Post that prahok fish could begin to be plentiful in the third or third week. December 4, 2020 If the water flow from the Tonle Sap Lake is faster and in case the weather is not very cold? No monsoon rains occur.
"Based on recent inspections at the fishing industry, we can predict what kind of fish will be used for fishing," he said. Prahok is not lacking. "It will start at the end of December 2020 or at the latest in mid-January 2021."
According to a study by the team of experts of the Wonder of Mekong project, the fishing business has played a very important role in The annual supply of fish to the rural population also contributes significantly to food security in Cambodia.
The experts of this project also observed that from year to year, fishery products from fish are changing significantly. Mark. This variation depends on the hydrological regime of the Mekong River flood level, ie in the year of the Great Flood. The water level is high and there is a lot of floodplain land, so many products and fish are also caught.
On November 25, 2020, the project team visited the Tonle Sap Lake to monitor the migration of fish. Hold the Mekong River at point 15E in Kandal province's Ponhea Leu district and see an increase in catch Every hour is from 10 kg to 20 kg and up to 40 kg per net. This is according to the release of the Wonder of Mekong project on December 2.
About 30 species of fish have been identified at a time, according to the report. These types of fish include squid, squid, red squid, striped squid, squid, trout, trout, rice husk, long-backed fish, squid, bamboo leaf fish. Cats, crocodiles, fish, chickens, catfish, salad fish, dog tongue and catfish.
"These catfish are an important source of food and nutrition for most people in the country," the report states. Cambodia. ”