Phnom Penh: Ministry of Planning Encourages Returning Workers from Thailand to Apply for Equity Card at Local Authorities However, few workers have applied for the permit, despite many complaining about the lack of livelihood.
Since the outbreak of Kovid 19 in early 2020, more than 120,000 Cambodian migrant workers working in Thailand in Of the total workers, nearly 1.2 million have returned to Cambodia and face a lack of livelihood.
Mr. Phorn Chantha, 51 years old, is a farmer living in Chhnal Moan Village, Chhnal Moan Commune, Koas Kralor District, Battambang Province. He worked in Pathum Thani Province, Thailand for 4 years. . He worked as a gardener at a real estate company in the province, along with a family of two.
There he earns more than $ 400 a month, working day and night. But after 19 cases of Kovid erupted worldwide, including in Thailand, Chantha feared the disease would spread. Decided to return to Cambodia during August 2020. He is now back on his farm, which he bought on a $ 2,000 loan four years ago before he left. Thailand. In addition to farming, he works as a laborer to remove cassava to receive an irregular daily wage of about 30,000 riel. His wife and two children also find work and raise about 60 chickens at home.
He used to receive 25 kilograms of rice from Central, but he never received anything from the government because of his poor card. He has been in office since 2008. He wanted the card back, but local authorities told him he could not get it because he already had a decent house.
"It should be distributed to everyone, not to be jealous of each other," he said. Some people have houses, but only houses with interest, they build houses. To see each other, there is no house for each other. When it's time to be homeless, it will be a long time for them not to be homeless. It's hard, too. I hear this word like I do that there is only a house to find a poor card. We do not build a house, they say it is dead and do not build a house.
Chheang On, a 37-year-old resident of Chi Kreng village, Chi Kreng district, Siem Reap province, in early 2020, her husband and younger brother paid more. $ 1,000 to get a passport to work in Thailand.
After working for about three months in a sawmill, the three men risked unemployment due to the explosion. Of Kovid 19. Kovid 19 harmed her workplace, leaving her unpaid for months and being abused by her mother. Send money to spend from Cambodia. Unable to continue living there, the three returned to Cambodia in August.
Currently, despite returning to their home countries, the three do not live with their mothers in the village of Chi Kreng district, Siem Reap province. They continue to migrate, transporting boats and trawls and other fishing gear to Stung Treng. Fishing can earn them from 20,000 to 30,000 riel per day, except for good days. The remaining amount is about 70,000 riel per day. But Chheang Ok's family receives a monthly stipend of 220,000 riel from the government because she has a poor credit card. For the very poor.
Meas Sok, 60, Chheang On's mother, says farmers no longer allow their children to work abroad. "I do not want to go to Thailand anymore because there is nothing left," she said. Willing to do business here, no matter how much you eat.
But Phorn Chantha plans to return to work in Thailand when Kovid's condition improves. He is saving money to get a new passport after the old one expires. His boss often contacted him by phone asking him to return without a passport, but he did not dare go. No, as Kovid's disease continues to spread.
According to a study by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) that interviewed more migrant workers. Of the 1,000 who returned to Cambodia, more than half said they had returned to Cambodia out of fear of Kovid 19.
But 28 percent of workers return due to job loss. Upon returning to Cambodia, workers typically earn an average of $ 164 per month. Only 21 percent of workers say they have a day job, and more than 13 percent say they have a small business.
More than 61 percent of workers said they would migrate again when the border reopened, with 91 percent choosing a country Thailand is a destination for migration. Only over 5% said they would stay permanently in Cambodia.
Of the more than 1,000 workers, only about 2 percent receive government subsidies through equity cards, although about 30 workers Percentage says they have no income at all.
Although most workers are concerned about lack of income and lack of jobs, only 5% of them have ever Seek help by seeking help through village chiefs, commune councils, or seeking help from neighbors and organizations.
Moeun Tola, executive director of the Center for Labor Alliances (Central), said the government should include workers returning from abroad, especially Thailand, on the list. Equity because most workers have borrowed money to go abroad to work, but they are now affected by Kovid Must return to Cambodia with no money and no debt.
"Until the state integrates him into the system to help the poor, such as free medical treatment, and if the state distributes As a cash distribution package, they should also be the first priority to help reduce his debt. "Another is to create jobs in the community, such as agriculture, which can reduce the risk to other countries."
He supported Prime Minister Hun Sen's statement urging workers to return from overseas to work in agriculture. However, he clearly observed that this push did not seem to have reached full implementation, it was negligible.
Theng Panhathorn, the Royal Government delegate in charge of the Ministry of Planning's Director General of Planning, said that recently after the outbreak of Kovid. 19 In the Thai community, a meeting was held under the chairmanship of Mr. Vongsey Visoth, Secretary of State of the Ministry of Economy and Finance Migrant workers from Thailand, regardless of political affiliation.
"If he has a problem or he falls into poverty, he can apply at his commune like the people," Panha Thorn said. People like that. Commune / Sangkat authorities will check whether their request is correct or not. If he is poor, he will be given a card. But we do not automatically issue equity cards to all Thai migrant workers because some of them do not return. Empty. ”