Phnom Penh: Prime Minister Hun Sen has set out a 10-year policy on urban solid waste management, while the Urban Solid Waste Management Committee Developed with the aim of achieving local waste recycling for electricity generation.
On February 16, 2021, the government issued a sub-decree to establish the Urban Solid Waste Management Committee with the aim of resolving the chain. From the beginning of the line to the end of the line In the management of solid waste, the town aims to achieve local waste recycling for electricity generation. .
The sub-decree continued that the commission is responsible for formulating policies and operations in formulating strategies, action plans to take into account the incentives for Investment in solid waste recycling to produce electricity. In addition, the committee must consider mechanisms to encourage the use of products that have little or no impact on the environment. .
The sub-decree states: "This committee will make recommendations as measures and lead, coordinate and monitor the implementation of the reform of the management method of solid waste collection companies. At present, as well as the mechanism for paying service fees and defining problem-solving procedures clearly. "A large-scale nationwide education campaign to change people's attitudes."
With the issuance of this sub-decree, the government also announced the appointment of Mr. Say Sam Al, Minister of Environment, as the Chairman of the Committee to deal with urban solid waste management and Nearly 20 other senior officials from more than 10 ministries and institutions are members.
In the Urban Solid Waste Management Policy 2020-2030 dated 16 February, Prime Minister Hun Sen said that the introduction of Implementing this policy is part of the implementation of the fourth phase of the Rectangular Strategy in the fourth angle, "Ensuring Environmental Sustainability and Design. It responds to climate change "of the fourth rectangle" Sustainable and Environmental Development ".
He added that the Royal Government needs to implement this policy as a vision to contribute to a cleaner environment for Cambodia. With comfort, well-being and attractive aesthetics, in line with the growth of urbanization and rapid economic development.
He added that the policy also aims to develop and implement a comprehensive urban solid waste management system, taking into account all aspects. Economic efficiency, financial resources, environmental sustainability and social aspects.
"The establishment of an efficient and comprehensive urban solid waste management system is still insufficient," he said. Yet for the causes of environmental protection and sustainable development and the environment. But it requires active participation, vigilance and high responsibility, changing attitudes, habits, lifestyle, business, production, as well as Awareness of all actors and stakeholders.
Mr. Hun Sen expects that through this policy set by the government, Cambodia will be able to separate, pack, store, clean, transport, use and process waste in the future. Strengthen all types of cities in accordance with technical, sanitary, safe and environmental characteristics.
Please be informed that through the policy of the government for 10 years, this is to encourage urban waste producers to implement the three global principles. Air (3Rs): Reduce, reuse and recycle and be considered "waste as a resource" while "waste generator" There is an obligation to pay a fee. ”
According to the report of the Ministry of Environment, the amount of waste generated in Cambodia is more than 10,000 tons per day and nearly 4 million tons per year . Sixty-five percent of this waste is organic waste, 20 percent is plastic bag waste, and the rest is solid waste and other waste. Only about 10 percent of Cambodia has access to recycling.
San Chey, president of the Cambodian Social Accountability Coalition, said that some short-term or long-term floods were also caused by rubbish and solid waste. This problem is caused by human factors and management, while we still see people dumping rubbish.
"The only effective mechanism is to have a budget and responsibilities, including an open monitoring mechanism," he said. Involvement of citizens and civil society groups that monitor the development of the city is indispensable. "Apart from legal mechanisms, educating people to take care of garbage is a requirement."