Phnom Penh: The Wildlife Research and Development Institute of the Forestry Administration of the Ministry of Agriculture is implementing a project to rehabilitate degraded land through the development of integrated agricultural techniques. And agriculture to improve the lives of local people.
Sok Heng, director of the Forestry Administration's Forestry and Wildlife Research and Development Institute, said yesterday that the project was managed and implemented by the Forest and Animal Research and Development Institute. Forest Administration aims to train forest-dependent farmers to use land to earn additional income through development Mixed farming techniques and agriculture aimed at reducing pressure on forests.
"This project is funded by the Mekong-Lanchang Special Cooperation Fund for a period of two years (2018-2020) with a budget," he said. Total $ 500,000. To date, 90% of the planned results have been achieved. "Due to the outbreak of Kovid 19, the project has been postponed until the end of 2021."
According to Mr. Sok Heng, the main results achieved by the project include the organization of 5 training sessions with 109 participants (45 women) to provide knowledge To project officials and stakeholders on the fundamentals of climate change, adaptation to this problem, nutrient management for crops and vegetables, diversified farming; Livestock raising, sustainable land management, monitoring and evaluation of forests and forest resources.
He confirmed that 144 people (40 women) received this training at the Khun Ream Forest Research and Restoration Station. They are community members and stakeholders in mixed farming practices, raising fish, chickens, ducks, pigs, planting crops, composting and managing crop nutrients. .
In addition, there were 3 workshops (2 in Siem Reap and 1 in Da Nang, Vietnam) to share knowledge and experience on land management. Sustainable and diversified agriculture. Participants were from Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China and Myanmar, as well as relevant ministry officials, students from the Royal University of Agriculture and the Prek Leap National Institute of Agriculture. 104 people (30 women).
"We want to raise the awareness of stakeholders on tropical governance, sustainable land management and climate change," he said. Reduce the erosion of agricultural and forestry lands through the development of agricultural techniques and reforestation, and exchange or share information, knowledge and good experiences. "About land use and raising living standards through study visits to Vietnam and Thailand."
Mr. Sok Heng confirmed that he has selected 3 farmers to implement the project, which is located in Trapeang Thmor village, Khun Ream commune, Banteay Srei district, Siem Reap province.
He said: "Among the main activities are the preparation of a master plan for the implementation of mixed agriculture, clearing land for growing vegetables, building fertilizer plants. "Composting, building poultry farms, digging ponds, raising fish, digging wells, building biogas plants and setting up irrigation systems."
According to Mr. Sok Heng, after implementing the project, farmers' incomes have increased significantly. "In 2018, on one hectare of land, farmers sold cassava for 480,000 riel, but in 2020 it sold for 2,160,000 riel," he said. 4 times). The income of farmers growing organic vegetables increased from 320,000 Riels to 3,650,000 Riels (an increase of 11 times). Livestock and fish farming also contributed 1.7% of total revenue and reduced the purchase of fish and meat from the market. .