BEIJING, July 6 (Xinhua) – China's ambassador to the United Nations has signed the Arm Commercial Treaty, called the ACT, on Monday, July 6, 2020. Becomes the 107th country in the treaty.
During the signing of the ACT, Zhang Jun blamed a country in the world for being cowardly and withdrawn from almost all international contracts, and is acting alone. Threaten others.
Zhang Jun's blaming did not point to the name of the country, but Zhang Jun was referring to the United States, especially the superpower under Donald Trump.
On Monday, June 22, 2020, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang announced that the Standing Committee of the People's Republic of China had approved the incorporation of the country into the ACT's treaty. United Nations.
The Treaty of Arms Trade Treaty (ACT) was ratified by the United Nations on April 2, 2013 and entered into force in 2014, up to 105 countries ratified by 2019. More than 130 countries.
The essence of the Arms Trade Treaty is that all signatories throughout the world are obliged to verify and ensure that their weapons trade is not at risk in relation to international sanctions or the sale of criminals. Violent groups violate human rights.
The commercial arms covered by this Treaty range from conventional pistols to airplanes and warships, heavy guns, and missiles, and the United States is the world's number one. China was the second largest arms seller, followed by China and Russia with the third largest arms sales.
Among the largest arms exporters, China is the fifth largest country, with the United States ranked No. 1, Russia, France, France, and Germany, according to the latest data from the Stockholm International Peace Institute. (SIPRI).
The United States, as the world's largest arms producer and exporter, Barack Obama signed the treaty, but the National Rifle Association (NRA), a powerful weapons lobby. Opposed the treaty and used the Senate's influence to refuse to ratify it.
In 2019, Donald Trump, a close friend of the National Rifle Association, announced he would withdraw the US from the treaty in the near future as the Senate failed to ratify it.
The hue causes the thing
The main reason for China becoming a signatory to the Arms Trade Treaty is because the United States, under President Donald Trump, has withdrawn from many of the world's common interests and treaties. China is a replacement for the United States.
Under Donald Trump, the United States has decided to withdraw from many international treaties and agreements, including the Paris Climate Agreement, the Iran nuclear deal, the Trans-Pacific Trade Agreement, the departure of UNESCO, and finally the departure. From WHO membership.
Conclusion: How does China benefit from ACT membership?
The benefit of China as a result of its accession to the arms trade treaty is that it has the ability to mobilize votes from other members of the treaty to pressure the United States or other countries in connection with trafficking. Arms on the international market.
China, which may put pressure on the arms trade, is based on the substance of the treaty on arms trade, where all signatories worldwide are obliged to verify and ensure their weapons trade is free of risks. Involving the imposition of international sanctions or the sale of criminals or gangs to human rights abuses.
The effects of the Arms Trade Treaty are mainly affecting the largest arms sellers – the United States, Russia, China, France and Germany – with other countries not affected, but can participate in the verification and verification of the types. Weapons Trading Weapons